Learning About Indiana History
Unit 3 ~ Summary
In 1787 settlers began moving west into the Northwest Territory. Native Americans were angry that the settlers were taking their land. Bloody battles between Native Americans and the United States Army became more and more frequent. In 1800 the government divided the Northwest Territory into the Indiana and Ohio territories. William Henry Harrison was chosen to serve as the governor of the Indiana Territory. In order to get land for settlers, Harrison signed treaties with several Native American groups.
Many Native Americans were not in favor of the treaties that caused them to give up their lands. Tecumseh, a Shawnee leader, began to unite different Native American groups to drive the settlers off their land. Governor Harrison defeated Tecumseh and British forces at the Battle of Thames during the War of 1812.
The population of the Indiana Territory soon grew. On December 11, 1816 Indiana became the nineteenth state. Settlers with different cultures and religions moved to our state. Transportation advancements, such as steamboats and railroads, made it easier to move people and goods in and out of our state. By 1860 the population of Indiana grew to 1.3 million.
Standard 1 ~ History: Students trace the historical periods, places, people, events and movements that have led to the development of Indiana as a state.
4.1.3 Explain the importance of the Revolutionary War and other key events and people that influenced the
development of Indiana as a state.
Examples: George Rogers Clark and the Fall of Vincennes (1779), development of the Northwest
Territory, Indiana become a U.S. Territory, Chief Little Turtle, Tecumseh, Tenskwatawa (the Prophet),
William Henry Harrison, and the Battle of Tippecanoe (1811)
4.1.4 Summarize and explain the significance of key documents in Indiana's development from a Unites States
territory to statehood.
Examples: The Land Ordinance of 1784; The Northwest Ordinance (1787), which made Indiana part of
the United States territory; and the 1816 Indiana Constitution, which established the first state government
4.1.5 Identify and explain the causes of the removal of Native American Indian groups in the state of their
resettlement during the 1830's.
4.1.6 Explain how key individuals and events influences the early growth and development of Indiana.
Examples: Indiana's first governor, Jonathan Jennings; Robert Owen and the New Harmony settlement;
moving the state capitol from Corydon to Indianapolis; development of roads and canals in Indiana; and
the Indiana Constitution of 1853.
4.3.9 Explain the importance of major transportation routes, including rivers, in the exploration, settlement and
growth of Indiana and in the state's location as a crossroad of America.